You are individual and you are our priority
06/04/2021 Chris Preston
Body's normal reaction to any injury or illness, a warning that something is wrong is pain. If the pain lasts for 3 to 6 months or more it is referred to as chronic pain or chronic pain syndrome (CPS).
Chronic pain usually is near-constant, there may be flares of intense pain which is caused due to increase in stress or activity. People might also experience symptoms beyond pain like sleeping disorder, depression and anxiety interfering in their daily activities.
The roots of chronic pain are both physical and mental. Chronic pain would continue long after the recovery from the injury. Chronic pain can be caused by injury, long-lasting illness or sometimes without any underlying reason.
Pain that is not connected to any illness or injury is known as psychogenic pain or psychosomatic pain that is caused by psychological factors like stress, depression or anxiety. Psychological factors trigger the secretion of endorphins; the low level of the endorphins in blood might trigger the pain.
The main symptom of chronic pain is persistent pain that lasts for 3-6 months or more. Chronic pain feels like aching, burning, shooting, squeezing, stiffness, stinging and throbbing sensation. This pain is triggered by injury, illness or no underlying cause. Chronic pain can lead to other symptoms like:
Pain can only be identified and described by the person suffering from it. Healthcare providers would recommend blood tests, electromyography to check muscle activity, imaging tests like X-rays and MRI, nerve conduction to test nerves reaction, reflex and balance tests, spinal fluid tests and urine tests to study any underlying cause for the pain. These tests would help start the right treatment.
It is important to identify the reason for the chronic pain to start the treatment that relieves the pain. If no reason could be identified, pain management is the only alternative.
The treatment regime would include medication, therapies and lifestyle changes. Emotional stress makes the pain even worse. It can be difficult to work with constant pain, and pain management makes it less difficult for you to work and carry on daily activities.
Medication – Medicines prescribed are a combination of painkillers, antidepressants, and anticonvulsants. Sedatives are used for people who are experiencing insomnia, anxiety or depression due to chronic pain.
You are at greater risk of athlete's foot if you:
Therapies – Certain therapies help in reducing the pain as well as the need for medication.
Lifestyle changes – Some chronic pain last for a very long time and you might have to learn to live with the pain. Pain management helps in carrying out the daily activities without difficulty.
It is difficult to live with chronic pain. Chronic pain doesn’t go away soon, but you can manage it with a combination of medicines, therapies and lifestyle changes. Advancement in neuroscience as well as better understanding of the human body leads to more effective treatments and treating chronic pain with ease.
There is no cure for chronic pain but the underlying cause can be treated with medications, therapies and lifestyle changes.