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Coronavirus and COVID-19:
What You Should Know

What is the COVID-19 disease?

The COVID-19 disease is a new strain of coronavirus, namely, the SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2). Wuhan, China is the place of origin & detection for the COVID-19 disease. The virus quickly spread throughout the world and WHO recognised it to be a new type of coronavirus. But most coronaviruses aren’t dangerous and are of animal origin.

As of 20 May 2020, more than 4.87 million cases have been reported resulting in 321K deaths and 1.66 million recoveries.

To know whether you may have the disease, please take our COVID-19 self-assessment test

What are the common symptoms of the COVID-19 disease?

Coronavirus symptoms

The time from exposure to the virus to actual symptoms is 5-6 days, but it can take upto 14 days. Common symptoms of the new coronavirus disease include -

  •   Fever
  •   Dry cough
  •   Tiredness/fatigue
  •   Shortness of breath
  •   Loss of smell and taste
  •   Nausea
  •   Diarrhoea
  •   Chills and sore throat

As the disease progresses, the infected patient experiences pneumonia, respiratory failure, septic shock and lastly, death. This is caused by a steady release of inflammatory proteins called cytokines, which is known as a cytokine storm.

How does the virus spread?

The Coronavirus is transmitted among people via water droplets in the air or on surfaces of everyday things. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, the droplets are sprayed upto 6 feet.

Coronavirus method of transmission

When a healthy person inhales or swallows the virus, they can get sick. Many people have been infected, but show no signs of the disease. Such people are called carriers or spreaders and can infect other healthy people.

The virus can stay on surfaces for anywhere between several hours to a couple of days. That’s why it's absolutely necessary to disinfect surfaces.

What steps can I take to prevent getting infected?

You can take the following precautions to avoid getting infected with the COVID-19 -

  •   Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 secs.
  •   Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with a minimum 60% alcohol content to kill the viruses.
  •   Maintain a distance of at least 6 feet between you and others.
  •   Avoid touching your hands, face and eyes and cover your nose and mouth while coughing or sneezing.
  •   Don’t put a face mask on children below 3 years of age and people who can’t use their hands to remove the mask.
  •   Avoid unnecessary travel or other activities which aren’t immediately required.
  •   If you’re sick, isolate yourself in your house with caregivers so that you don’t infect others. Wear a mask to avoid spraying droplets.

Coronavirus diagnosis

The standard test for the novel Coronavirus disease is the rRt-PCR (real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction). Swabs of the nasopharyngeal tract are used to perform the test and results are available within 2-3 days after the test.

Coronavirus treatment

Coronavirus vaccine and cure efforts

As of now, there’s no cure for COVID-19. On 1 May 2020, the United States authorised healthcare facilities to prescribe remdesivir for reducing the recovery duration. Many vaccines are in the development & testing phases.

Using antibodies from patients who have recovered from COVID-19 is a viable method of getting passive immunity.

To check whether you may have the novel Coronavirus disease, please take our COVID-19 self-assessment test

Can I book a telehealth consultation for COVID-19 screening?

A virtual telehealth screening test for COVID-19 can be arranged for you by booking a virtual consultation for your diagnosis.

People over 60 years of age are at greatest risk, therefore using virtual telehealth services and telecommunication technology is a great advantage to test as many people as possible without risking healthcare workers.

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